Nowadays most of the people are suffering from bone problems. The main reason for this is an unhealthy eating habit which leads to diseases like arthritis. Osteoporosis and arthritis are two different types of diseases. Here in this article I am going to write about the differences and similarities between these two diseases.
When the mass of the bone become less dense then only osteoporosis occurs. The risk of having this illness is much high as people will not know when the bone mass tissues have become low and thus it can lead to fracture of the bone. As a result of this sickness one can have back pain, change in height and posture. If further ignored, this may even lead to inability to walk or one sided paralysis.
The causes that may lead to this type of sickness are:
- Small structure or if extremely thin
- Less calcium intake
- Long term use of some medicines for treating thyroid, asthma, seizures or lupus
- No exercise or Physical Activity
- After having post menopause
- Abnormal menstrual cycle
- Consumption of extreme alcohol
Osteoporosis also known as “Silent Disease” as it may remain undiagnosed for several years to come. You will not know anything until one day one of your bones will fracture suddenly without any reason. So it’s better to check the density of the bones at a regular interval through bone density test and to detect anything abnormal early.
Also healthy eating like regular intake of green vegetables, fruits enrich in vitamin D and Calcium will avoid any such circumstances. This type of disease can be avoided if exercise is done regularly and if you can lead a healthy life.
Arthritis is a disease that leads to the damage of the tissues surrounding the joints. Joints are the junction point of two bones like fingers, knees, toes, hips and wrists.
There are mainly two types of Arthritis. They are:
Osteoarthritis generally increases due to carriage of excessive weight, repetition of a particular task or playing a sport. This may lead to extreme pain in the lower back areas, hips, knees, neck or fingers. This disease damages the tissues surrounding the cartilage which protect the bones from the joints. As a result the bones rub against each other thus causing pain in the joint areas. Bone density becomes less, flexibility of the joint decreases and as a result joint areas get swelled. It will become worse with time and with the absence of exercise or physical activity. It can only be cured by proper exercise, physiotherapy or through proper joint replacement surgery.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
It’s an autoimmune disease that releases an enzyme which damages healthy tissues of the body. Also they destroy the joint linings. The results of this type of disease are stiffness, swelling, reduced movement and malformation, fever and fatigue, anaemia, weight loss, swelling in the eye or lung infection.
Thus you know what are basic differences between osteoporosis and Arthritis, their symptoms and how you can overcome them.